Noxious weed look alikes – don’t pull the wrong plant!


setanmerah,- It is heartening to see so many people being committed stewards of their land who are working to eradicate the noxious weeds on their property.  Thank you to everyone who is participating!  A word of caution -  it is possible to be a little too enthusiastic. This happens when someone pulls or treats the wrong plant – a plant that has the misfortune of looking like a noxious weed. These look-alike plants are often native, and can provide good habitat for pollinators, or at the very least, will occupy space that otherwise could be invaded by a noxious weed, so it’s best to learn how to distinguish which is which.Some of the most common mistaken identities up here are:
  • Golden banner/yellow toadflax,
  • Pineapple weed/scentless chamomile,
  • Cutleaf daisy/oxeye daisy 
  • Fireweed/purple loosestrife.
Golden banner is a native plant – it blooms in the spring, and has solid yellow flowers, and three-lobed (trifoliate) leaves. Yellow toadflax blooms in the second half of summer with two-tone yellow flowers with a darker throat, and has strap-shaped leaves.


Yellow toadflax

Pineapple weed, while an introduced plant, is not on the noxious weed list. It is, however, having a very good year, and can be easily controlled by hoeing or pulling.  It has ferny leaves that, when crushed, smell like pineapple. The whole plant only gets to 6-8” tall at the most. It develops small yellow buttons, but never white ‘petals’ (ray flowers). Scentless chamomile also has ferny leaves, but they have no odor (the plant names give good ID clues). It gets up to 3’ tall, and has hundreds of white flowers.

Pineapple weed

Scentless chamomile 

Cutleaf daisy is a native plant with small white flowers and finely cut leaves that could look a little ferny. It can (and has been) mistaken for pineapple weed, scentless chamomile and oxeye daisy. The flowers on the native bloom in the spring, and the foliage has no smell. The whole plant is no taller than about 4” tall. Oxeye daisy blooms mid-summer, and has much larger flowers, as well as broader leaves with teeth (not ferny). The plant grows 1’-3’ tall.

Cut-leaf daisy and penstemon


Oxeye daisy

Fireweed is a native plant with 4 pink petals. It blooms mid-summer to fall. The leaves are alternate, and the plant can grow up to 4’ tall. Purple loosestrife is not known to be up at this elevation, but people have frequently pulled out fireweed by mistake. Loosestrife has opposite leaves (or even whorled – meaning that four leaves come out of the stalk at the same place). It has 5-7 purple petals and can grow up to 8’ tall.

Fireweed


Loosestrife

Finally, we have many wonderful native thistles, and it’s easier to just learn to recognize our two common noxious thistles, Canada thistle and musk thistle, rather than all of the native thistles. Musk thistle has large, solitary purple flowers with a formidable row of teeth under the flower. The leaves have a whitish edge. Canada thistle usually forms thickets due to the root system, and has clusters of small purple flowers. See below table for a quick reference to distinguishing these plants.

For more information and pictures, we have a brochure online: https://gilpin.extension.colostate.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2016/09/Noxious-weed-look-alikes.pdf.

For more information on thistles, see this brochure: https://www.larimer.org/sites/default/files/uploads/2017/finaltg2nded.pdf


Or here: https://gilpin.extension.colostate.edu/programs/natu/native-thistle/


Irene Shonle is the CSU Extension Agent and Director in Gilpin County

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Lewis
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November 1, 2019 at 8:15 AM ×

The best strategy is to weed when they are young seedlings. You can use a hoe and with little effort eliminate the majority of the weeds.Order Weed Online

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